The Life & Legacy of


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Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25, 1835 in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland.
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Carnegie Library of Dunferline, Scotland

His father was a handloom weaver who became impoverished after the power loom arrived in his city. Andrew and his family then moved to Pittsburgh.
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Here in Pittsburgh, Carnegie worked as a bobbin boy (a boy who worked in a textile mill) and educated himself by going to night school. When Carnegie was 14, he became a messenger in the Pittsburgh telegraph office. The superintendent of the Pennsylvania railroad, Thomas Scott, noticed Carnegie and made him his supervisor. Then both of them went to DC to work the military telegraph system during the Civil War.external image carn4.jpgexternal image weeandy.jpg
After the Civil War, Carnegie went back to Pittsburgh and took Scott's job as superintendent. Here Carnegie invested in many hopeful business enterprises. He became a very intelligent business man and observed the development in the use of steel rather than iron. In 1870, Carnegie lauched his own blast furnace using the ideas he observed. Then in 1874, he opened a steel furnace in Braddock.
external image ExplorePAHistory-a0j8a6-a_349.jpgexternal image ExplorePAHistory-a0b8a5-a_349.jpgCarnegie also took interest in social and economic issues. He felt that rich people should use their wealth to benefit the entire community. This inspired him to write a series of books such as Round the World (1881) and Triumphant Democracy (1886). In these books he compared class differences in Europe to the USA. He also praised America's education system and how it helped him succeed as a poor immigrant.
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While Carnegie took care of business in NY, Henry Frick became the chairman of his Carnegie Company, the largest steel company in the world. To increase profit, Frick lowered employee wages, causing them to go on strike. Frick then made the controversial decision to employ 300 strikebreakers. During the strike in Homestead, 10 men were killed and 60 were injured. After taking care of business in NY, Carnegie, who was now in Scotland visiting family members, was furious at Frick over this incident. Conflict between the two continued thorughout many years.VIDEO: The Homestead Strikeexternal image 1892%2BHomestead%2Bstrike.jpgexternal image 71048-004-230C295B.jpgCarnegie left behind a powerful legacy, mainly in education. A trust he set up built around 3,000 public libraries, the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh, the Carnegie Institute of Technology, and the Carnegie Institute of DC for research and science. By the time Andrew died in 1919, he had given away $350 million. $125 million more was placed with the Carnegie institute to carry on his educational endeavors. He gave the gift that keeps on giving, which is knowledge.
*QUOTE FROM CARNEGIE*"As I grow older, I pay less attention to what men say. I just watch what they do "
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SOURCES:
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAcarnegie.htm
http://j-bradford-delong.net/tceh/andrewcarnegie.html